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Water Intoxication: How much is too much? | HS Sports

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Water Intoxication: How much is too much?
HS Sports
Water Intoxication: How much is too much?

(WXIA) After the tragic death of a Douglas County High School football player, some are asking is there such thing as drinking too much water?

The rule-of-thumb for an average adult is thought to be eight 8-ounce cups of water a day to maintain normal bodily functions.

According to Mayo Clinic, the amount of water an individual consumes a day depends on varying factors. If you're someone who exercises each day, is pregnant or breastfeeding or lives in a hot or humid climate, you need to consume more than eight cups per day.

Be careful, though, too much water can be a bad thing. Water intoxication (or hyponatremia), while very rare, can lead to seizures, coma and death. Water intoxication occurs when a person drinks too much water in a short period of time; so much water that other nutrients in the body, such as sodium become too diluted to function properly. Athletes and infants are most at-risk for over-hydration.

The Help Desk has compiled a few links below so you can spot the symptoms of water intoxication and learn how to prevent it.

American College of Sports Medicine

http://www.acsm.org/docs/brochures/selecting-and-effectively-using-hydra...

Mayo Clinic

http://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-living/nutrition-and-healthy-eating/in...

U.S. National Library of Medicine

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1770067/

St. Louis Children's Hospital

http://www.stlouischildrens.org/articles/wellness/water-intoxication-in-...

Healthline

http://www.healthline.com/health/overhydration#Overview1

Scientific American

http://www.scientificamerican.com/article/strange-but-true-drinking-too-...

Journal of Clinical Pathology

http://jcp.bmj.com/content/56/10/803.2

WebMD

http://www.webmd.com/a-to-z-guides/features/wonders-of-water?page=2

 

 

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